Satya Mohan Joshi | Biography

Satya Mohan Joshi was one of the famous Nepali writers and scholars. He is famous for his research on the history of Nepal and culture of Nepal.

He was the chancellor of the Nepali Bhasa Academy.

Quick information about Satya Mohan Joshi

Full NameSatya Mohan Joshi
Known NameSatya Mohan Joshi
Date of BirthMay 12, 1920
Date of DeathOctober 16, 2022
BirthplaceLalitpur, Nepal
ProfessionWriter, Researcher
AwardsMadan Puraskar – 3 times, Order of Gorkha Dakshina Bahu
Notable workOrder of Gorkha Dakshina Bahu

Family & Relationship

FatherShankar Raj
MotherRaj Kumari Joshi
SpouseRadha Devi


SchoolDurbar High School
College/UniversityTrichandra College

Early Life

Satya Mohan Joshi was born on May 12, 1920 to Shankar Raj and Raj Kumari Joshi in Lalitpur, Nepal.

He started his basic education at home, where he learned his alphabet, and then moved on to Durbar High School in Kathmandu, Nepal, for academic education.

For his higher education, he got admission to Trichandra College and completed his bachelor’s degree in arts.


In 1959, Satya Mohan Joshi became the first director of the Archaeological and Cultural Department.

He has established many historical museums, like the Archeological Museum in Taulihawa and the National Painting Museum in Bhaktapur.

He established the Rashtriya Naachghar, the National Theater in Kathmandu, and the Archeological Garden in Patan.

In 1960, after King Mahendra‘s coup, Satya Mohan Joshi went to China.

Mr. Joshi began to teach Nepali at the Peking Broadcasting Institute in China.

Mr. Joshi also did research on Araniko, a sculptor of the Malla dynasty who migrated to China in 1260 AD. He did research on Araniko when he was in China.

He established the Araniko White Dagoba Gallery in Kirtipur, Kathmandu, using historical artifacts related to Araniko.

For his writing and publication, he got 3 Madan Puraskars (literacy honors): in 1956 for Hamro Lok Sanskriti, one in 1960 for Nepali Rashtriya Mudra, and one in 1970.

Apart from that, he has more than 60 publications in various fields, which include Karnali Lok Sanskriti (a research collection); Charumati, Sunkeshari, Majipha Lakhe, and Bagh Bhairab (dramas).


Satya Mohan Joshi's coin

In 2021, the Nepalese government issued a national postal stamp featuring his portrait, with 100,000 copies printed at a cost of NPR 10.

On his 100th birthday in September 2019, the Nepal Rastra Bank issued three new coins with his portrait, with values of Rs 100, Rs 1,000, and Rs 2,500.

On November 17, 2021, in Nepal, Mr. Joshi was the first person who got Nepal’s electronic passport. 


Satya Mohan Joshi died on October 16, 2022, at the age of 102 at KIST Hospital in Lalitpur, Nepal.

He wished for research to be done on his body, so his body was donated to the hospital. 

The funeral of Mr. Joshi was accompanied by state honors.

The government of Nepal announced a public holiday in Nepal on September 18, 2022, to mourn Satya Mohan Joshi’s death.

Honors and Awards

  • Order of TriShakti Patta
  • Order of Gorkha Dakshin Bahu
  • Ujjwal Kirtiman Rashtradeep.
  • Madan Puraskar
  • Bhanubhakta Award
  • Honorary Certificate of Ph.D. (Kathmandu University)
  • Padmashree Sadhana Award

Notable work

  • Nepali Lok Geet: Ek Adhyayan
  • Hamro Lok Sanskriti
  • Nepali Rastriya Mudra
  • Lama ra Pachuke
  • Sipahi ra Raiti
  • Gulab ra Gurans
  • Daila ko Batti
  • Rajamukut ra Rajyaabhishek
  • Kalakar Arniko
  • Sunkhesari
  • Majipa Lakhe
  • Nepali Chaadparva
  • Pharkera Herda
  • Ek Saya Shabda
  • Nepali Murtikala Ko Bikashkaram

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