Geography of Nepal

Nepal is one of the beautiful Asian countries landlocked by the Himalayas and located between two Asian countries, China and India. 

Nepal is connected to China on the north border and to India on the east, west, and south borders.

Nepal’s land has been spread across 147181 square kilometers. It is roughly rectangular in shape.

Geography of Nepal is basically divided into three regions: Himal, Terai, and Pahad.


geography of nepal

This region is mountainous and it is fully covered by snow.

It covers somewhere around 15% of the total area of Nepal. The Himal, or mountain region, is also called Parbat in Nepal and it is located around 4000 meters above sea level to the north of the Hill region.

Eight of the fourteen highest peaks in the world that are above 8000 meters are in Nepal.

The height of Mount Everest is 8848 meters, which is known as the highest mountain. Second is Kanchenjunga, at 8586 meters, Lhotse at 8516 meters, Makalu at 8463 meters, Cho Oyu is 8210 meters, Dhaulagiri is 8167 meters, Manaslu is 8163 meters, and Annapurna is 8091 meters.


geography of nepal

The Terai region covers a large part of the west to the east, covering the entire southern part of Nepal. The lowest part of the Terai region is above 70 meters above sea level. The Terai region’s lands are very fertile and people from the Terai region produce lots of food for the country.

Lots of famous places are available in the Terai region, like Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, and ShuklaPhanta Wildlife Reserve.


geography of nepal

The Pahad, or hill area, covers the largest part of Nepal. These areas are the middle hills and lower Himalayas. The climate of these areas is very much more enjoyable, and the land is very fertile compared to the upper part of the Himalayas region.

The lower Hills, or Pahad areas, cover famous tourist places including Pokhara, Tansen, and the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu.

Seasons in Nepal

Basically, Nepal experiences four seasons.

  • Spring (February to April)
  • Summer (May to August)
  • Autumn (September to November)
  • Winter (December to February)

In the Himal area, the temperature is always cool and it goes down around -30°C.

The Terai region of Nepal is the hottest part of the country. In the summer season, temperatures go up to 45°C, which is definitely hot, and in winter they go down to between 7°C to 23°C.

In the Pahad or middle hill area, the climate is pleasant in summer as well. It is around 27°C. 

The capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu Valley, has the best summer climate, which averages between 19°C and 27°C, and in the winter season, it could be around 2°C to 12°C. 

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